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This paper presents three-dimensional expressions for the optimization of permanent-magnet couplings. First, we give a fully analytical expression of the azimuthal field created by one arc-shaped permanent magnet radially polarized which takes into account its magnetic pole volume density. Such an expression has a very low computational cost and is exact for all points in space. Then, we propose two semianalytical expressions of the azimuthal force and the torque exerted between two arc-shaped permanent magnets. These expressions are valid for thick or thin arc-shaped permanent magnets. Furthermore, this approach allows us to realize easily parametric studies and optimizations. The analytical approach taken in this paper, based on the Coulombian model, is a good alternative compared to the finite element method generally used to study such configurations.
Date of Publication: April 2009