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Through-the-Wall Imaging Using Differential SAR

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3 Author(s)
Dehmollaian, M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI ; Thiel, M. ; Sarabandi, K.

An algorithm for imaging of targets behind walls is proposed to reduce the wall reflection and enhance the signal-to-clutter ratio. The image formation is based on differential synthetic-aperture-radar image formation employing a continuous-wave radar system. In this approach, instead of using individual backscattered signals, the image is formed by employing the difference signals obtained by subtracting two successive signals along the track. This way, specular reflections are totally eliminated without the need for the knowledge of the wall parameters. This also affects the point target response which is corrected by an integration process. By using backscattered fields from small trihedral corner reflectors behind a poured concrete wall, measured over a frequency band of 1-2.5 GHz, the proposed method is demonstrated.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 5 )