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Precoding for Orthogonal Space–Time Block-Coded OFDM Downlink: Mean or Covariance Feedback?

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3 Author(s)
Yu Fu ; Nortel Networks, Ottawa, ON, Canada ; Krzymien, W.A. ; Tellambura, C.

This paper presents linear and nonlinear precoding design for error-rate improvement in orthogonal space-time block-coded (OSTBC) multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) orthogonal frequency-division-multiplexed (OFDM) downlink, where both the conditional mean of the channel gain matrix and the channel gain covariance matrix may be available at the transmitter. The conditional means of the channel matrix are derived for a general transmit-antenna-correlated frequency-selective fading MIMO channel with estimation errors and feedback delay. Mean-feedback linear precoding and nonlinear Tomlinson-Harashima precoding (THP) are developed to maximize the signal-to-noise power ratio (SNR). The intuition that when the mean feedback becomes accurate the mean-feedback precoding outperforms covariance precoding is confirmed. Dual-mode precoding is also proposed, in which the novel mean-feedback precoding or covariance precoding is adaptively chosen at the receiver. The precoding-mode switching metric is the maximized SNR, which is an indicator of the error rate. The receiver calculates its metric, selects the mode that achieves a higher SNR, and decides whether mean feedback is necessary. Our proposed precoders (both mean feedback and adaptive) significantly reduce the system error rate. Nonlinear precoding is shown to outperform linear precoding. Adaptive precoding outperforms both mean-feedback precoding and covariance precoding if individually applied in OSTBC OFDM.

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 7 )