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We present a pilot-assisted method for estimating the frequency selective channel in a MIMO-OFDM (Multiple Input Multiple Output - Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) system. The pilot sequence is designed using the DFT (Discrete Fourier Transform) of the Golay complementary sequences. Novel exploitation of the perfect autocorrelation property of Golay complementary sequences, in conjunction with OSTBC (Orthogonal Space Time Block Code) based pilot waveform scheduling across multiple OFDM frames, facilitates simple separation of the channel mixtures at the receive antennas. The DFT length used to transform the complementary sequence into the frequency domain is shown to be a key critical parameter for correctly estimating the channel. This channel estimation scheme is then extended to antenna arrays of arbitrary sizes.
Date of Conference: 8-13 Feb. 2009