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The concept and results of investigation of a waveguide slot antenna with reconfigurable aperture is presented. Solutions are based on the utilized semiconductor material, which allows one to design the electronically reconfigurable antennas. The key element of the reconfigurable antenna is a surface PIN (SPIN) diode whose conductivity changes proportionally to the plasma density. SPIN structures can be activated selectively and cause, in turn, the generation of the desired shapes of radiation pattern. It allows one to extend the function possibilities of waveguide slot antennas compared with the conventional one.