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Combinning linear vestibulo-ocular and opto-kinetic reflex in a humanoid robot

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6 Author(s)
Igor Labutov ; Dept. of Electrical Engineering, The City College, City University of New York (CUNY), Convent Avenue and 138th Street, 10031 USA ; Ravi Kaushik ; Marek Marcinkiewicz ; Jizhong Xiao
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The angular vestibulo-ocular and opto-kinetic reflexes (aVOR and OKR) combine to provide compensation for head rotations in space to help maintain a steady image on the retina. We previously implemented an artificial angular vestibulo-ocular reflex with a fully articulated binocular control system in a quadruped robot head. In this paper, we describe the implementation of artificial opto-kinetic and linear vestibular ocular reflexes (OKR and lVOR) that use inputs from an artificial vestibular sensor and a binocular camera system to compensate for linear movements of the head and visual motion to stabilize images on the cameras. The object tracking algorithm was able to fixate a steady object in the camera's field of view during linear perturbations of the robot's head in space at low frequencies of movement (0.2-0.6 Hz), simulating the linear VOR. We implemented an algorithm that combines the linear VOR and OKR model and computes changes in relative pose of the cameras with respect to the object being tracked. The system provides compensatory angular movements of the Ocular Servo Module (OSM) to stabilize images as the robot is moved laterally.

Published in:

Control, Automation, Robotics and Vision, 2008. ICARCV 2008. 10th International Conference on

Date of Conference:

17-20 Dec. 2008