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Controlling Thermal Front Propagation on a Catalytic Wafer through Video Feedback

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4 Author(s)
Qin, F. ; Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 ; Wolf, E.E. ; Chang, H.-C. ; Hwang, C.

We are interested in controlling ignition, extinction and flickering of thermal patterns on a catalytic wafer for exothermic oxidation reactions with video feedback. The infrared (IR) video imaging ¿(x,y,t) provides a high resolution distributed sensor for the thermal pattern with 7140 pixels. However, since the manipulated variable u(t), usually taken to be the reactant feed flow rate, is a lumped parameter, the feedback law requires the projection of ¿ onto the real line P:¿(x,y,t)¿u(t). We construct the map P here by extracting the most sensitive spatial structure via a Karthunen-Loeve (KL) scheme and demonstrate that it allows video feedback to suppress ignitio or extinction. In some mor esoteric conditions, we can extract low-dimensional nonlinear dynamic models from the spatio-temporal dynamics exhibited by our system. The dynamic model is then used to design a better controller. This is shown to supress self-sustained oscillations in our experiments.

Published in:

American Control Conference, 1993

Date of Conference:

2-4 June 1993

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