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The performance of nonbinary linear block codes is studied in this paper via the derivation of new upper bounds on the block error probability under maximum-likelihood (ML) decoding. The transmission of these codes is assumed to take place over a memoryless and symmetric channel. The new bounds, which are based on the Gallager bounds and their variations, are applied to the Gallager ensembles of nonbinary and regular low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes. These upper bounds are also compared with sphere-packing lower bounds. This study indicates that the new upper bounds are useful for the performance evaluation of coded communication systems which incorporate nonbinary coding techniques.