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Sensorless control of permanent-magnet synchronous machines (PMSMs) at low speed and standstill is often based on a difference between q- and d-axis inductances. By determining the inductances, i.e., by evaluating current responses that result from the supply of voltage test vectors, an estimation of the rotor position is obtained. These inductances are dependent on the stator current-because of (cross-)saturation-and on the geometry of the PMSM. Changing inductances strongly affect the accuracy of the rotor position estimation. This paper investigates the influence of geometrical parameters of the rotor on the inductances and on the position estimation. First, for several angles, widths, heights, and radial positions of the buried magnets in the rotor, finite element models (FEMs) calculate the inductances and the torque as a function of the stator current. Second, to study the effect of the variable q- and d-inductances on the position estimator, time-domain simulations are carried out in combination with FEM evaluations. The simulated control is validated on an experimental interior PMSM. The FEM is not needed by the controller in the experiments.