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Error performance of maximal-ratio combining with transmit antenna selection in flat Nakagami-m fading channels

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4 Author(s)
Zhuo Chen ; CSIRO ICT Center, Wireless Technol. Lab., Marsfield, NSW ; Zhanjiang Chi ; Yonghui Li ; Vucetic, B.

In this paper, the performance of an uncoded multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) scheme combining single transmit antenna selection and receiver maximal-ratio combining (the TAS/MRC scheme) is investigated for independent flat Nakagami-m fading channels with arbitrary real-valued m. The outage probability is first derived. Then the error rate expressions are attained from two different approaches. First, based on the observation of the instantaneous channel gain, the binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) asymptotic bit error rate (BER) expression is derived, and the exact BER expression is obtained as an infinite series, which converges for reasonably large signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). Then the exact symbol error rate (SER) expressions are attained as a multiple infinite sum based on the moment generating function (MGF) method for M-ary phase-shift keying (M-PSK) and quadrature amplitude modulation (M-QAM). The asymptotic SER expressions reveal a diversity order equal to the product of the m parameter, the number of transmit antennas and the number of receive antennas. Theoretical analysis is verified by simulation.

Published in:

Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 1 )