Skip to Main Content
Existing mobile service providers allow their customers to receive telecommunications services when they roam to other countries. However, in the standard mobile call setup procedure, a call from the visited country to a roaming customer at that country results in two international calls. This phenomenon is referred to as the tromboning effect. In this paper, we propose a third-party solution that resolves the tromboning problem by replacing two international calls with two local calls. Besides huge saving in voice/data path, analytic modeling and simulation experiments indicate that our solution is effective in call setup signaling. Also, our solution does not need to modify the existing mobile telecommunications systems.