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Layered space-time codes over Ricean fading channels by reducing the correlation of spatial shaping pulses

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3 Author(s)
Shihai Shao ; Nat. Key Lab. of Commun., Univ. of Electron. Sci. & Technol. of China, Chengdu ; Youxi Tang ; Wanzhi Ma

In this paper, an asynchronous layered space-time architecture is proposed to realize the spatial multiplexing over the Ricean multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels. Based on reducing the correlation of spatial shaping pulses between the multiplexed streams, this approach can be used to solve the problem of detection in the ill-conditioned channel matrix. It is shown that at the receiver, the reduction of the correlation enables the requirement on the number of the receive antennas to be removed by the zero forcing (ZF) detector compared with the conventional synchronous layered space-time architecture. First, this paper presents how to exploit the correlation of spatial shaping pulses between the multiplexed streams. Then deriving the exact closed-form expression of error rate for the proposed scheme, this paper finds that the maximum possible diversity gain can be achieved based on the independent layered architecture by the ZF detector at the cost of limited multiplexing gain.

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Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 2 )