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A 0.18- \mu\hbox {m} CMOS GFSK Analog Front End Using a Bessel-Based Quadrature Discriminator With On-Chip Automatic Tuning

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4 Author(s)
Baoyong Chi ; Inst. of Microelectron., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China ; JinKeYao ; Chiang, P. ; Zhihua Wang

A fully integrated 2-MHz Gaussian frequency-shift keying (GFSK) analog front end for low-IF receivers is presented. The analog GFSK demodulation uses a Bessel-based quadrature discriminator and a differentiator-based data decision circuit, eliminating the need for analog-digital converters while enabling high sensitivity and large frequency offset tolerance. The analog front end consists of a fifth-order Butterworth low-pass prefilter, a seven-stage limiter, a quadrature discriminator with a fourth-order Bessel phase-shift network, a fourth-order Butterworth low-pass postfilter, and a differentiator-based data decision circuit. The prefilter, Bessel phase shifter, postfilter, and differentiator are built using identical Gm-C cells and tuned across process variations with a single master-slave phase-locked loop. The GFSK analog front end is implemented in a 1.8-V 0.18-mum CMOS process, recovering 1-Mb/s input data from a 2-MHz GFSK signal with maximum frequency deviation of plusmn160-kHz, frequency offset tolerance from - 38% to +47%, and input sensitivity of -53 dBm and consuming 7 mA of current.

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Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 11 )