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We report experimental results on the transmission performance of a coherent dual-polarization quadrature phase-shift-keyed (DP-QPSK) transceiver with real-time electronic equalization over fiber having 50-ps mean polarization mode dispersion (PMD). Both single-channel, single-span and multi-channel, multi-span measurements were performed over the high PMD fiber, which has near Maxwellian statistics for the differential group delay (DGD) as well as higher order PMD as expected for a long, mode-coupled fiber. Transmission of eighty channels was achieved over 8 times100 km of TrueWave Reduced Slope fiber plus distributed high PMD fiber, where individual channels had instantaneous DGD as high as 127 ps. The dependence of the OSNR penalty on the launch state of polarization was evaluated and found to be minimal, and the contribution of fiber nonlinearities to the transmission penalty was evaluated for two different per-channel launch powers. Finally, using a transceiver equipped with forward-error-correction, error-free transmission over the 800-km link was demonstrated over a 10-day period; during this time the DGD of the measured channel varied from 13 to 116 ps.