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We investigate 40-Gb/s cost-efficient transmitter for access and metro networks. This 40-Gb/s transmitter comprises a standard directly modulated distributed-feedback (DFB) laser and a subsequent optical filter. Large dispersion tolerance of this transmitter is realized by chirp control through the phase correlation between adjacent bits for the destructive interference in order to erase the power of ldquo0rdquo bits while enhancing the extinction ratio. The chirp model of the DFB laser and the optimum parameters of the optical filter have been numerically analyzed. The chirp-managed 42.8-Gb/s transmission over 20-km standard single mode fiber (SSMF or SMF-28) without dispersion compensation and a centralized lightwave WDM-PON system are experimentally demonstrated. We have also realized the transmission over 100-m graded index plastic optical fiber (GI-POF). Moreover, the application in the metro network over 240-km SSMF or SMF-28 has also been investigated in this paper.