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All Digital-Quadrature-Modulator Based Wideband Wireless Transmitters

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3 Author(s)
Parikh, V.K. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, USA ; Balsara, P.T. ; Eliezer, O.E.

A novel architecture for a fully digital wideband wireless transmitter is presented. The proposed structure replaces high-dynamic-range analog circuits with high-speed digital circuits and offers a simple and flexible architecture, which requires less area, consumes less power, and delivers higher performance compared to those of the conventional modulators used for wideband systems. The design is based on a standard 65-nm CMOS process and is suitable for integration with a digital signal processor, memory, and logic implemented in such a process. The presented transmitter is based on a novel digital quadrature modulator (DQM), which achieves digital modulation in a Cartesian coordinate system. The novel architecture employs a single converter, referred to as the differential-like digital-to-RF converter (DDRC), as it is based on fully digitally combining the quadrature baseband signals. A DDRC, which is the heart of a DQM, combines functionalities of a mixer, a digital-to-analog converter, and an RF filter into a single circuit. The total area for the digital blocks is 0.04 mm2, with a power consumption of roughly 5 mW. It is shown that the proposed transmitter meets the spectral mask, defined in the targeted IEEE 802.16e (WiMAX) standard, with a margin of 20 dB and achieves an error-vector-magnitude (EVM) performance of -36 dB with a margin of 6 dB.

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Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 11 )