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Wafer to wafer bonding has many advantages in MEMS, optoelectronics, and other packaging applications where low temperature (les450degC) bonding is essential to avoid thermal stress and defect generation. For these reasons, a number of wafer bonding techniques using Sn based low temperature solder were reported. The wafer bonding using Co-Sn solder layer was investigated in that context. Hence, two wafers were bonded with electroplated Co and Sn layer at varying temperature (200, 300, 350degC) for varying times. During the bonding, electroplated Co and Sn layer transformed into the CoSn3, but voids were founded in the middle of the bonded layer at 250 and 300degC and only the bonding 350degC was void free. Subsequent die shear test showed superior shear strength of specimen bonded at 350degC. The shear strength depended mostly on the bonding temperature and not on the reflow time.
Date of Conference: 22-24 Oct. 2008