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In this paper, we provide a simple strategy to optimize the performances of a spin chain as a quantum channel for state transfer. We investigate the most general conditions under which a long range interacting chain achieves the highest fidelity and the shortest transfer time. In this respect, we show that the symmetry of the spin chain plays a key role to identify the ideal system, which involves sender and receiver only, and provide numerical evidence. However, the two-spin ideal chain is unpractical due to the decrease of the coupling strength with distance. Therefore we show how to design a spin chain, which nearly approaches the optimal behaviour, while keeping the interaction strength still reasonably high.