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We report on experimental measurements of coincidence and single particle spectral shapes of biphoton signals when frequency entangled states are generated by SPDC crystals pumped by short pulses. It is shown evidence for biphoton coincidence spectrum narrower and single-particle one wider than the pump spectrum, with a large contrast between coincidence and singles distributions. The investigation of biphoton correlations has been performed by fixing one monochromator at the maximal transmission wavelength on down-converted signal gate and scanning the one placed in the idler branch in order to observe the spectral distribution of single counts and coincidences. The degree of entanglement is evaluated by the ratio of the FWHM of single particle and coincidence distributions: the greater the ratio, the greater is the entanglement. The degree of entanglement in frequency variables can be very high: it increases linearly with the length of the crystal, and decreases with the growing pump pulse.
Date of Conference: 1-7 Feb. 2009