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Performance Evaluation of the LabPET APD-Based Digital PET Scanner

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11 Author(s)
Bergeron, M. ; Dept. of Nucl. Med. & Radiobiol., Univ. de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC ; Cadorette, J. ; Beaudoin, J.-F. ; Lepage, M.D.
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The LabPETtrade is a fully digital avalanche photodiode (APD) based PET scanner designed for state-of-the-art molecular and genomic imaging of small animals. Two versions of the scanner were evaluated, having 3.75 (LabPET4) and 7.5 cm axial FOV (LabPET8). The detectors are made of 2times2times12/14 mm3 LYSO and LGSO crystals assembled in phoswich pairs read out by an APD. After digital crystal identification, the average energy resolution is 24plusmn6% for LYSO and 25plusmn6% for LGSO. The scanner's overall timing resolution is 6.6 ns for LYSO/LYSO and 10.7 ns for LGSO/LGSO coincidences after coarse timing alignment. The FBP reconstructed tangential/radial resolution is 1.3/1.4 mm FWHM (2.5/2.4 mm FWTM) at the FOV center and remains below 2.1 mm FWHM (3.6 mm FWTM) within the central 4-cm diameter FOV. MLEM reconstruction of a micro resolution phantom provided clear separation of the 1.0 mm spots. With an energy window of 250-650 keV, the sensitivity is 1.1% for LabPET4 and 2.1% for LabPET8. The imaging capabilities of the scanner are demonstrated with in vivo images of rats and mice.

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 1 )