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Asymptotic Behavior of the ZZW Embedding Construction

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1 Author(s)
Fridrich, J. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Binghamton Univ., Binghamton, NY

We analyze the asymptotic behavior of the embedding construction for steganography proposed by Zhang, Zhang, and Wang (ZZW) at the 10th information hiding by deriving a closed-form expression for the limit between embedding efficiency of the ZZW construction and the theoretical upper bound as a function of relative payload. This result confirms the experimental observation made in the original publication.

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Information Forensics and Security, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 1 )