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An adaptive congestion control scheme for real time packet video transport

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3 Author(s)
Kanakia, H. ; AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA ; Mishra, P.P. ; Reibman, A.R.

We show that modulating the source rate of a video encoder based on congestion signals from the network has two major benefits: the quality of the video transmission degrades gracefully when the network is congested and the transmission capacity is used efficiently. Source rate modulation techniques have been used in the past in designing fixed rate video encoders used over telephone networks. In such constant bit rate encoders, the source rate modulation is done using feedback information about the occupancy of a local buffer. Thus, the feedback information is available instantaneously to the encoder. In the scheme proposed, the feedback may be delayed by several frames because it comes from an intermediate switching node of a packet switched network. The paper shows the proposed scheme performs quite well despite this delay in feedback. We believe the use of such schemes will simplify the architecture used for supporting real time video services in future nationwide gigabit networks

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Networking, IEEE/ACM Transactions on  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 6 )