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The optical properties of gallium nitride light-emitting diode with mesh-textured sapphire back delineated by laser scriber and subsequently coated with silver-copper layers were investigated. This new structure improves the optical characteristics. The electroluminescence and luminous intensities are 30% and 20% stronger than that without mesh-textured trench and silver-copper at 20 mA, respectively. The maximum luminous intensity has 1.6 times enhancement, which is mainly from higher light extraction by the mesh-textured trench.