By Topic

Fault-tolerant wormhole routing in meshes without virtual channels

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

Previous methods of making wormhole-routed meshes fault tolerant have been based on adding virtual channels to the networks. This paper proposes an alternative method, one based on the turn model for designing wormhole routing algorithms. The turn model produces routing algorithms that are deadlock free, very adaptive, minimal or nonminimal, and livelock free for direct networks--whether or not they contain virtual channels. This paper illustrates how to modify the routing algorithms produced by the turn model to handle dynamic faults. This paper first describes how to modify the negative-first routing algorithm, which the turn model produces for n-dimensional meshes without virtual channels, to make it one-fault tolerant. Simulations of the one-fault-tolerant routing algorithm and other minimal and nonminimal routing algorithms in a two-dimensional mesh indicate that misrouting increases communication latencies significantly at high throughputs. The conclusion is that misrouting should be used only for increasing the degree of fault tolerance, never for just increasing adaptiveness. Finally , the paper describes how to modify the negative-first routing algorithm to make it (n - 1)-fault tolerant for n-dimensional meshes without virtual channels.

Published in:

Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 6 )