By Topic

Reducing the harmful effects of last-level cache polluters with an OS-level, software-only pollute buffer

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Livio Soares ; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, Canada ; David Tam ; Michael Stumm

It is well recognized that LRU cache-line replacement can be ineffective for applications with large working sets or non-localized memory access patterns. Specifically, in last-level processor caches, LRU can cause cache pollution by inserting non-reuseable elements into the cache while evicting reusable ones. The work presented in this paper addresses last-level cache pollution through a dynamic operating system mechanism, called ROCS, requiring no change to underlying hardware and no change to applications. ROCS employs hardware performance counters on a commodity processor to characterize application cache behavior at run-time. Using this online profiling, cache unfriendly pages are dynamically mapped to a pollute buffer in the cache, eliminating competition between reusable and non-reusable cache lines. The operating system implements the pollute buffer through a page-coloring based technique, by dedicating a small slice of the last-level cache to store non-reusable pages. Measurements show that ROCS, implemented in the Linux 2.6.24 kernel and running on a 2.3 GHz PowerPC 970FX, improves performance of memory-intensive SPEC CPU 2000 and NAS benchmarks by up to 34%, and 16% on average.

Published in:

2008 41st IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Microarchitecture

Date of Conference:

8-12 Nov. 2008