By Topic

A Short-Range Ship Navigation System Based on Ladar Imaging and Target Tracking for Improved Safety and Efficiency

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Ruiz, A.R.J. ; Inst. de Autom. Ind. (IAI), Consejo Super. de Investig. Cientificas (CSIC), Madrid ; Granja, F.S.

A new maritime navigation system based on a laser range-finder scanner for obstacle avoidance and precise maneuvering operations is described in this paper. The main novelty of this work is the adaptation and implementation of known technology for laser range finding and algorithms for target tracking into a system that operates in real time and has been tested in different natural sea and inland navigation scenarios. The principal components of this system, namely, 1) the laser range finder, 2) the scanning unit, and 3) the data processing and displaying unit, are described in detail. Ladar images are dense horizontally and sparse vertically as a compromise between capturing relevant features and quick frame formation. Images are processed for range outlier removal, and significant observable patterns are extracted. This multiple-target tracking problem is tackled using robust Kalman filtering techniques for continuous tracking of each detected observation. We minimize unreliable track initializations and preserve tracks from deletion during temporal misobservations. The evaluation in open-sea and inland waterways gave good results, making the system valid for precise maneuvering, fluent navigation, and accident mitigation. Objects of interest, from boats to ships, are detected and robustly tracked; pier and lock chamber sketches are reliable; bridge height estimation is precise; and narrow waterways (river banks and bridge columns) are correctly detected. The prototype developed can be considered to be a very valuable complementary device to traditional radar-based techniques that are not totally valid for accurate short-range exploration, improving efficiency and safety in ship operations.

Published in:

Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 1 )