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Low-density parity-check codes with 2-state trellis decoding

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1 Author(s)
M. -C. Chiu ; Dept. of Commun. Eng., Nat. Chung Cheng Univ., Min-Hsiung

A class of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes with a simple 2-state trellis structure is presented. For LDPC decoding, the conventional belief propagation (BP) algorithm consists of numerous sub-decoders of single-parity check codes and exchanges information between sub-decoders in an iterative manner. If the single-parity check codes can be constructed and grouped in a proper way, the decoder can be decomposed into few identical 2-state trellis decoders. Therefore, instead of numerous sub-decoders of single-parity check codes, an iterative decoding algorithm based on few sub-decoders over 2-state trellis is proposed. The proposed decoding algorithm improves the efficiency of message passing between sub-decoders and hence provides a fast convergent rate as compared to the standard BP algorithm. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme provides a better performance and a fast convergent rate as compared to those of standard BP algorithm. The result also shows that the proposed algorithm has a similar performance as that of asynchronous replica shuffled BP algorithm and has a slightly inferior performance than that of synchronous replica shuffled BP algorithm. However, complexity analysis shows that our proposed algorithm has complexity that is lower than that of the replica shuffled BP algorithm.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Communications  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 1 )