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Localizing Overlapping Parts by Searching the Interpretation Tree

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2 Author(s)
Grimson, W.Eric L. ; M.I.T. Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, 545 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139. ; Lozano-Perez, T.

This paper discusses how local measurements of positions and surface normals may be used to identify and locate overlapping objects. The objects are modeled as polyhedra (or polygons) having up to six degrees of positional freedom relative to the sensors. The approach operates by examining all hypotheses about pairings between sensed data and object surfaces and efficiently discarding inconsistent ones by using local constraints on: distances between faces, angles between face normals, and angles (relative to the surface normals) of vectors between sensed points. The method described here is an extension of a method for recognition and localization of nonoverlapping parts previously described in [18] and [15].

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:PAMI-9 ,  Issue: 4 )