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Most step-edge detectors are designed to detect locally straight edge-segments which can be isolated within the operator kernel. While it can easily be demonstrated that a cross-sectional support of at least 4 pixels is required for the unambiguous detection of a stepedge, edges which cannot be isolated within windows having this width can nevertheless be resolved. This is achieved by preceding the stepedge detection process by image-intensity interpolation. Although resolution can be improved in this fashion, the step-edge position and intensity estimates thus determined may be subject to systematic biases. Also, the higher resolution performance is accompanied by lower robustness to noise.
Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:PAMI-9 , Issue: 3 )
Date of Publication: May 1987