Skip to Main Content
We propose a fast nearest neighbor finding algorithm, named tentatively an ordered partition, based on the ordered lists of the training samples of each projection axis. The ordered partition contains two properties, one is orderingÂ¿to bound the search region, and the other is partitioningÂ¿to reject the unwanted samples without actual distance computations. It is proved that the proposed algorithm can find k nearest neighbors in a constant expected time. Simulations show that the algorithm is rather distribution free, and only 4.6 distance calculations, on the average, were required to find a nearest neighbor among 10 000 samples drawn from a bivariate normal distribution.
Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:PAMI-8 , Issue: 6 )
Date of Publication: Nov. 1986