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Many textures can be described structurally, in terms of the individual textural elements and their spatial relationships. This paper describes a system to generate useful descriptions of natural textures in these terms. The basic approach is to determine an initial, partial description of the elements using edge features. This description controls the extraction of the texture elements. The elements are grouped by type, and spatial relationships between elements are computed. The descriptions are shown to be useful for recognition of the textures, and for reconstruction of periodic textures.