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A Model and Tracking Algorithm for a Class of Video Targets

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2 Author(s)
Schalkoff, R.J. ; MEMBER, IEEE, Department of Electrical Engineering, School of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Virginia, Charlottesvile, VA 22901; Department of Electrical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA 01609. ; McVey, E.S.

Algorithms are developed for a real-time, automatic system capable of tracking two-dimensional (2-D) targets in complex scenes. A mathematical model of 2-D image spatial and temporal evolution applicable to certain classes of targets and target perturbations is developed. It is shown that for small target perturbations the 2-D tracking problem may be approximated as a 1-D time-varying parameter estimation problem. A CCD-implementable solution is developed which is particularly useful when considering target rotation and dilation and target/background separation. Results of system simulation and suggestions for future research are presented.

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:PAMI-4 ,  Issue: 1 )