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In the fingerprint recognition application utilizing more information other than minutiae is much helpful. We present here a fingerprint matching scheme based on transform features and their comparison. The technique described here obviates the need for extracting minutiae points to match fingerprint images. The proposed scheme uses Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) to create feature vector for fingerprints. After finding out the core point, fingerprint image of size 64times64 is cropped around the core point. The transform is applied on the cropped image without any pre-processing. The transform coefficients are arranged in specific manner and are used to obtain the feature vector in terms of standard deviation. The fingerprint matching is based on the minimum Euclidean distance between two feature vectors. Here database is formed by capturing 8 images per person using 500 dpi optical scanner. Training images used to form feature vector are 2, 4 or 6 per person. In the matching phase either all or remaining images are checked in identification mode to find out the percentage recognition rate. Comparison for all the three transform is presented here and it is observed that DCT and DFT gives better result as compared DWT.
TENCON 2008 - 2008 IEEE Region 10 Conference
Date of Conference: 19-21 Nov. 2008