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We propose an online anomal movement detection method using incremental unsupervised learning. As the feature for discrimination, we extract the principal component of the spatio-temporal feature by incremental PCA. We then detect anomal movements by an incremental 1-class SVM. In order to use principal component as the feature for discrimination while supporting incrementation of the subspace, we modify the SVM kernel function to take account of the difference in distance scale between the principal component feature vectors and that of the feature vectors after the subspace is incremented. This allows us to efficiently conduct the relearning process even though the dimension of the original input spatio-temporal feature is high. Experiments show that anomal scenes can be detected without the cost of preparing a lot of labeled data for preliminary learning.
Date of Conference: 8-11 Dec. 2008