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Fabric-Based Active Electrode Design and Fabrication for Health Monitoring Clothing

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3 Author(s)
Carey R. Merritt ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of North Carolina, Raleigh, NC ; H. Troy Nagle ; Edward Grant

In this paper, two versions of fabric-based active electrodes are presented to provide a wearable solution for ECG monitoring clothing. The first version of active electrode involved direct attachment of surface-mountable components to a textile screen-printed circuit using polymer thick film techniques. The second version involved attaching a much smaller, thinner, and less obtrusive interposer containing the active electrode circuitry to a simplified textile circuit. These designs explored techniques for electronic textile interconnection, chip attachment to textiles, and packaging of circuits on textiles for durability. The results from ECG tests indicate that the performance of each active electrode is comparable to commercial Ag/AgCl electrodes. The interposer-based active electrodes survived a five-cycle washing test while maintaining good signal integrity.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 2 )