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Nowadays, intrusion detection systems do not only aim to detect attacks; but they go beyond by providing reaction mechanisms to cope with detected attacks, or at least reduce their effects. Previous research works have proposed several methods to automatically select possible countermeasures capable of ending the detected attack, but without taking into account their side effects. In fact, countermeasures can be as harmful as the detected attack. Moreover, sometimes selected countermeasures are not adapted to the attackerpsilas actions and/or knowledge. In this paper, we propose to turn the reaction selection process intelligent by giving means to (i) quantify the effectiveness and select the countermeasure that has the minimum negative side effect on the information system by adopting a risk assessment and analysis approach, and (ii) assess the skill and knowledge level of the attacker from a defensive point of view.