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Ultra-low dc power GaAs HBT S- and C-band low noise amplifiers for portable wireless applications

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4 Author(s)
Kobayashi, K.W. ; Electron. & Technol. Div., TRW Inc., Redondo Beach, CA, USA ; Oki, A.K. ; Tran, L.T. ; Streit, D.C.

We report on a 2.1 mW low dc power GaAs HBT LNA with 2.0 dB noise figure and 8.9 dB gain at 2 GHz. This amplifier achieves a Gain/NF.Pdc ratio figure of merit of 2.10 (1/mW) which is the highest reported at S-band. Under low dc power bias of 2 V and 0.46 mA (0.92 mW), the amplifier achieves 5.2 dB gain, 3.01 dB noise figure and a Gain/Pdc figure of merit of 5.65 (dB/mW) which is also the highest reported in this frequency band. In addition, a 2-stage self-biased C-band LNA which achieves a minimum noise figure of 2.4 dB at 5 GHz, 16.2 dB gain, with only 72 mW of dc power was also demonstrated. This is believed to be the lowest noise figure performance so far reported for an HBT amplifier above 3 GHz. Both HBT LNAs are fabricated using a relaxed 3 μm emitter width low cost GaAs production foundry process. The high performance obtained from HBT's at very low dc bias makes them attractive for portable wireless applications in the Industrial-Scientific-Medical (ISM) frequency bands

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 12 )