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Parallel Correction and Adaptation Engines for I/Q Mismatch Compensation

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3 Author(s)
Elahi, I. ; Wireless Terminal Bus. Unit, Texas Instrum. Inc., Dallas, TX ; Muhammad, K. ; Balsara, P.T.

We present a low-area implementation of an I/Q mismatch compensation (IQMC) circuit that comprises a correction engine and an adaptation engine. The correction engine performs I/Q mismatch compensation in the data path using a filter whose coefficients are updated after a programmable amount of time by a parallel adaptation engine that performs sample-by-sample off-line adaptation. This scheme allows very fast online adaptation while protecting the receiver data path from the degradations caused by a fast converging algorithm. The proposed scheme has been successfully implemented in 90-nm digital CMOS process for a low-IF quad-band GSM transceiver SoC. A single multiplier is used to perform complex multiplications for both correction and adaptation engines, resulting in a 0.025 mm2 circuit. Image Rejection Ratio in excess of 50 dB is measured that is sufficient for IF frequencies as high as 200 kHz for GSM application.

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Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 1 )