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A Communication Perspective on Automatic Text Categorization

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2 Author(s)
Capdevila, M. ; Signal & Commun. Process. Dept., Univ. of Vigo, Vigo ; Florez, O.W.M.

The basic concern of a Communication System is to transfer information from its source to a destination some distance away. Textual documents also deal with the transmission of information. Particularly, from a text categorization system point of view, the information encoded by a document is the topic or category it belongs to. Following this initial intuition, a theoretical framework is developed where Automatic Text Categorization(ATC) is studied under a Communication System perspective. Under this approach, the problematic indexing feature space dimensionality reduction has been tackled by a two-level supervised scheme, implemented by a noisy terms filtering and a subsequent redundant terms compression. Gaussian probabilistic categorizers have been revisited and adapted to the concomitance of sparsity in ATC. Experimental results pertaining to 20 Newsgroups and Reuters-21578 collections validate the theoretical approaches. The noise filter and redundancy compressor allows an aggressive term vocabulary reduction (reduction factor greater than 0.99) with a minimum loss (lower than 3 percent) and, in some cases, gain (greater than 4 percent) of final classification accuracy. The adapted Gaussian Naive Bayes classifier reaches classification results similar to those obtained by state-of-the-art Multinomial Naive Bayes (MNB) and Support Vector Machines (SVMs).

Published in:

Knowledge and Data Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 7 )

Date of Publication:

July 2009

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