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The control of time-delay bilateral teleoperation systems involves a delicate tradeoff between the conflicting requirements of transparency and robust stability. The control design is complicated by latency in data communication between the master and slave sites, as well as uncertainties in the dynamics of operator, master, slave, and environment. This paper proposes a systematic design procedure for improving teleoperation fidelity while maintaining its stability in the presence of dynamic uncertainty and a constant time delay. In a two-step control approach, first local Lyapunov-based adaptive/nonlinear controllers are applied to linearize the system dynamics and eliminate dependency on the master and slave parameters. Teleoperation coordination, subject to parametric uncertainty in the user and environment dynamics, is then achieved by formulating an I/O time-delay Hinfin robust control synthesis that is solved via its decomposition to the so-called adobe problems. The transparency and robust stability properties of the proposed method is examined via numerical analysis. Furthermore, the results are successfully validated in experiments.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2009