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A mode analysis is carried out with the MAFIA TS3 module to study the high-power microwave generation in the inward-emitting coaxial vircator with two opposed nonaxisymmetric emitting surfaces. The central angle thetas of the emittors, and the axial distance D between the cathode and anode reflector, are verified to have a large influence on the mode component. For a fixed diode voltage of 250 kV, the coaxial diode current is 13.7 kA when the beam injection is axisymmetric (thetas = 180deg). In this situation, the simulation gives the highest efficiency of 8.3% for D = 5.0 cm and 10.9% for D = 10.0 cm , comparing with the nonaxisymmetric beam injection. For the case of two opposed nonaxisymmetric emitting surfaces with central angle thetas, there exists a range for thetas to acquire a rather pure output of the TE11 mode (80% of the total power), which is 80deg < thetas < 160deg. However, the efficiency decreases with smaller thetas. The polarized direction of the main TE11 mode is consistent with the directional layout of the two opposed emitters. FFT transformation shows that the dominant frequency for thetas < 80deg can be estimated by the equations derived from the 2-D theoretical analysis of the symmetric coaxial vircator.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2009