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In this paper, after an overview of the literature concerning the imaging technologies applied to skin wounds assessment, we present an original approach to build 3-D models of skin wounds from color images. The method can deal with uncalibrated images acquired with a handheld digital camera with free zooming. Compared with the cumbersome imaging systems already proposed, this novel solution uses a low-cost and user-friendly image acquisition device suitable for widespread application in health care centers. However, this method entails the development of a robust image processing chain. An original iterative matching scheme is used to generate a dense estimation of the surface geometry from two widely separated views. The best configuration for taking photographs lies between 15deg and 30deg for the vergency angle. The metric reconstruction of the skin wound is fully automated through self-calibration. From the 3-D model of the skin wound, accurate volumetric measurements are achieved. The accuracy of the inferred 3-D surface is validated by registration to a ground truth and repetitive tests on volume. The global precision around 3% is in accordance with the clinical requirement of 5% for assessing the healing process.
Date of Publication: May 2009