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A compact position-sensitive detector for PET

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5 Author(s)
Watanabe, M. ; Hamamatsu Photonics KK, Japan ; Omura, T. ; Kyushima, H. ; Hasegawa, Y.
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A high resolution BGO block detector has been developed for a positron emission tomography (PET) system. The detector consists of a newly developed compact position-sensitive photomultiplier tube (PS-PMT) and an 8(X)×4(Y) BGO array of which element size is 2.8 mm×6.8 mm×30 mm. The PS-PMT has ten stages of metal channel dynodes and crossed-wire anodes in a 28 mm square×20 mm high metal package. The performance of the PS-PMT and the block detector was evaluated in terms of applicability to PET. The coincidence timing resolution was 4.4 ns FWHM and 9.5 ns FWTM, and the energy resolution was about 30% for 511 keV γ-rays, with the PS-PMTs coupled to single BGO segments. The spatial resolution of the block detector was evaluated by measuring the detector response functions (DRFs) for each BGO segment. The average FWHM values of the DRFs were 3.0 mm in the X direction, and 6.8 mm in the Y direction. Count rate performance of the block detector was measured at different activity levels, when no distinct mispositioning in crystal coding was seen at count rates up to 100 kcps. A compact 3D-PET system dedicated to animal studies was designed by adopting the position-sensitive detectors

Published in:

Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, 1994., 1994 IEEE Conference Record  (Volume:4 )

Date of Conference:

30 Oct-5 Nov 1994

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