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NECR analysis of 3D brain PET scanner designs

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3 Author(s)
Stearns, C.W. ; GE Med. Syst., Milwaukee, WI, USA ; Cherry, Simon R. ; Thompson, C.J.

A dedicated 3D brain PET scanner has several advantages, most notably increased sensitivity, over a whole body scanner for neurological studies. However brain scanners have higher scatter fractions, random count-rates and deadtime for the same activity concentration. We have used noise effective count-rate (NECR) analysis to compare brain scanners of 53, 60, and 66 cm diameter with the GE ADVANCE whole body scanner (93 cm diameter). Monte Carlo simulations of a brain-sized phantom (16 cm diameter, 13 cm length) in the ADVANCE geometry were used to develop a model for NECR performance, which was reconciled to results from a decay series measurement. The model was then used to predict the performance of the brain scanner designs. The brain scanners have noise effective sensitivities (the slope of the NECR curve at zero activity) as much as 40% higher than ADVANCE. However, their NECR advantage diminishes quickly as the activity concentration increases; the brain scanners' NECR equals ADVANCE at ~0.3 μCi/cc, and ADVANCE has superior NECR performance at higher activity levels. An imaging center concentrating on only very low activity imaging tasks would find the efficiency advantage of a smaller detector diameter valuable, while a center performing higher activity studies such as bolus water injections or 5 mCi FDG injections might prefer the count rate performance of a whole body scanner

Published in:

Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, 1994., 1994 IEEE Conference Record  (Volume:4 )

Date of Conference:

30 Oct-5 Nov 1994