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The strategy of rate control during atrial fibrillation (AF) essentially deals with efforts to utilize and adjust the filtering properties of the atrioventricular (AV) node, allowing AF to continue and ensure that ventricular rate is controlled. In this work, a new tool based on the 3D Poincare plots is developed for the characterization of the ventricular response (VR) and the clinical evaluation of rate control therapies. Mechanisms underlying atrioventricular conduction during AF remain unclear. The role of the dual pathway AV nodal electrophysiology and the effects of the AV node modifications are still being an incognita. RR interval clusters exhibiting harmonic behaviour have been quantified suggestive of an underlying AV conduction ratio.