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Nanosecond and sub-nanosecond high voltage pulses can provide new applications. A cancer treatment by an ultra-short pulse high electric field is one of them. High power pulsed electromagnetic wave has been proposed to apply the high electric field for that treatment. This work focuses on the design of a compact high power pulsed electromagnetic wave generator using a nanosecond pulse power generator for the cancer treatment. We employed a L-C inversion circuit for the pulsed power generator to obtain a voltage waveform with a single frequency for applying an antenna. A water gap switch and a water capacitor were used for L-C inversion circuit to obtain the frequency of hundreds MHz, because the water gap switch has a low inductance property and the loop inductance of the circuit can be made small using the same medium for the capacitor and the switch. By using the water gap switch and the water capacitor for the L-C inversion circuit, the pulsed voltage had the frequency element of 250 MHz. The electromagnetic wave was radiated underwater by the loop antenna in this experiment. A focusing bowl was equipped on the radiating antenna to obtain higher electric field. The intensity distribution of electric field focusing by the focusing bowl was measured at 6.6 kV of applying voltage to the radiating antenna. The peak electric field intensity is 11.3 kV/cm at a focal point. The area of the electric field intensity over 10.
Date of Conference: 27-31 May 2008