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Uncertainty associated with input parameters and models in simulation has gained attentions in recent years. The sources of uncertainties include lack of data and lack of knowledge about physical systems. In this paper, we present a new reliable simulation mechanism to help improve simulation robustness when significant uncertainties exist. The new mechanism incorporates variabilities and uncertainties based on imprecise probabilities, where the statistical distribution parameters in the simulation are intervals instead of precise real numbers. The mechanism generates random interval variates to model the inputs. Interval arithmetic is applied to simulate a set of scenarios simultaneously in each simulation run. To ensure that the interval results bound those from the traditional real-valued simulation, a generic approach is also proposed to specify the number of replications in order to achieve the desired robustness. This new reliable simulation mechanism can be applied to address input uncertainties to support robust decision making.
Simulation Conference, 2008. WSC 2008. Winter
Date of Conference: 7-10 Dec. 2008