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Since conditions in an emergency situation are altogether different from normal circumstances, it's possible to render the regular communication mechanisms completely unavailable in facilitating evacuation operations. The breakdown of normal communication networks requires alternative modes of communication between the emergency control center and first responders. In this paper, a novel communication system for evacuation operation and three scenarios to efficiently reach out to evacuees in the case of emergencies are presented.
Date of Conference: 12-15 Oct. 2008