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Quadrilateral Modelling and Robust Control of a Nonlinear Piezoelectric Cantilever

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3 Author(s)
Micky Rakotondrabe ; Autom. Control & Micro-Mechatron. Syst. Dept., UTBM, Besancon ; Yassine Haddab ; Philippe Lutz

Piezocantilevers are commonly used for the actuation of micromechatronic systems. These systems are generally used to perform micromanipulation tasks which require high positioning accuracy. However, the nonlinearities, i.e., the hysteresis and the creep, of piezoelectric materials and the influence of the environment (vibrations, temperature change, etc.) create difficulties for such a performance to be achieved. Various models have been used to take into account the nonlinearities but they are often complex. In this paper, we study a one degree of freedom piezoelectric cantilever. For that, we propose a simple new model where the hysteresis curve is approximated by a quadrilateral and the creep is considered to be a disturbance. To facilitate the modelling, we first demonstrate that the dynamic hysteresis of the piezocantilever is equivalent to a static hysteresis, i.e., a varying gain, in series with a linear dynamic part. The obtained model is used to synthesize a linear robust controller, making it possible to achieve the performances required in micromanipulation tasks. The experimental results show the relevance of the combination of the developed model and the synthesized robust H infin controller.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 3 )