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Phase-locking of a second-harmonic gyrotron oscillator using a quasi-optical circulator to separate injection and output signals

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12 Author(s)
Hezhong Guo ; Inst. for Plasma Res., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA ; Hoppe, D.J. ; Rodgers, J. ; Perez, R.M.
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Phase-locking in a 34.5-GHz special complex cavity gyrotron oscillator operating at the second harmonic of the electron cyclotron frequency was studied. Injection of the locking power was made via a quasi-optical circulator connected to the gyrotron output. Locking bandwidth was measured by comparing the phase of the injection signal and output signal using a balanced mixer. Locking was observed with input power level as low as 40 dB below the gyrotron output power. The locking bandwidth is, however, narrower than in gyrotrons operating at the fundamental cyclotron frequency which may be attributed to the longer resonant cavity in the second harmonic gyrotron and the corresponding larger value of external quality factor. The measurements are roughly in agreement with predictions of Adler's phase-locking equation which is given for our system in terms of powers propagating in the output waveguide toward and away from the gyrotron cavity

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 5 )